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中国历史人物简介(历史上的英雄人物简介)

中国历史人物简介(历史上的英雄人物简介)

用英文介绍中国历史人物

In 200, Yuan Shao amassed more than 100,000 troops and marched southwards on Xuchang in the name of rescuing the emperor. Cao Cao gathered 20,000 men in Guandu, a strategic point on the shore of the Yellow River. The two armies come to a standstill as neither side was able to make much progress. Cao Cao's lack of men did not allow him to make significant attacks, and the pride of Yuan Shao forced him to target Cao Cao's force head-on. Despite his overwhelming advantage in terms of manpower Yuan Shao was unable to make full use of his resources because of his indecisive leadership and Cao Cao's location.

Besides the middle battleground of Guandu, two lines of battle were present. The eastern line with Yuan Tan of Yuan Shao's army versus Zang Ba of Cao Cao's army was a one-sided battle in favor of Cao Cao, as Yuan Tan's own questionable leadership was no match for Xang Ba's local knowledge of the landscape and hit-and-run tactics. To the western side, Yuan Shao's cousin, Gao Gan, performed much better against Cao Cao's army and forced several reinforcements from Cao Cao's main camp to maintain the western battle. Liu Bei, who was at the time a guest in Yuan Shao's army, also suggested to induce uprising in the back of Cao Cao's lands as there were many connections to the Yuan family and their subordinates. The tactic was successful at first, but quickly countered by Man Chong's diplomatic skill. Man Chong had been placed as an official there for this specific reason, as Cao Cao had foreseen the situation prior to the battle.

Finally, with the help of a defector from Yuan Shao's army, Xu You, who informed Cao Cao of the location of Yuan Shao's army supply, Cao Cao broke the standstill and sent a special task force to burn all the supplies of Yuan Shao's army and won a decisive and seemingly impossible victory. Yuan Shao fell ill and died shortly after returning from the defeat, leaving his legacy to two of his sons – the eldest son, Yuan Tan and the youngest son, Yuan Shang. As he had designated the youngest son, Yuan Shang, as his successor, rather than the eldest as tradition dictated, the two brothers consistently feuded against each other, as they fought Cao Cao. Because of their internal divisions, Cao Cao was easily able to defeat them by using their differences to his advantage. Henceforth Cao Cao assumed effective rule over all of northern China. He sent armies further out and extended his control past the Great Wall into northern Korea, and southward to the Han River.

However, Cao Cao's attempt to extend his domination south of the Yangtze River was unsuccessful. He received an initial great success when Liu Biao, ruler of Jing Zhou, died, and his successor, Liu Zong surrendered to Cao Cao without resistance. Delighted by this turn-out (Cao Cao, a devoted follower of Sun Tzu's Art of War, also considered "defeating your enemy without battle" to be the highest form of achievement of war) he pressed on and hoped the same would happen despite the objections by his military advisors. His forces were then defeated by the first coalition of his archrivals Liu Bei and Sun Quan (who later founded the kingdoms of Shu and Wu respectively) at the Red Cliffs in 208.

历史上的英雄人物简介

——曹操(155-220)字孟德,小名阿瞒、吉利,沛国谯县(今安徽亳州)人。汉朝丞相。中国杰出的政治家、军事家、诗人,汉族。在政治军事方面,曹操消灭了北方的众多割据势力,统一了中国北方大部分区域,并实行一系列政策恢复经济生产和社会秩序,奠定了曹魏立国的基础。文学方面,在曹操父子的推动下形成了以三曹(曹操、曹丕、曹植)为代表的建安文学,史称建安风骨,在文学史上留下了光辉的一笔。

曹丕代汉后,曹操被尊称为“大魏武皇帝”。

——孙子:

他是中国有史以来对世界学术界发展影响最大的人物。一般人认为,他是《孙子兵法》(有称《兵法》)的作者。尽管这种看法不太可靠,但《兵法》的主要内容还是来自孙子的。这部"天下第一兵书"对中国两千多年的军事学与军事史产生了巨大影响。西方任何一本系统论述军事思想史的论著,不可不提及这本世界最古老影响最大的兵书。西方现代著名的军事学家利德尔一哈特,在代表作的扉页上,大段摘引了《兵法》上的名言。日本有个企业家以《兵法》管理企业,居然也获得了很大成功。

《兵法》也经受了时间的考验。自十九世纪到二次大战前,德国军事学家克劳塞维茨一味强调暴力流血,以达到政治目的的战争观点,风靡了欧美军事学界。但二战后,随着核武器的出现与核战争威胁日增,他的观点已经被不少人所唾弃。而孙子的"不战而屈人之兵,善之善者也"的观点,被越来越多的人奉为核时代的军事准则。

最为西方人接受和推崇的是孙子的思想,而非孔子、老子、荀子等人的思想。

——秦始皇

公元前221年,秦始皇统一了分裂数百年的中国,建立了影响至今的中央集权体制。铁腕的始皇征民纳税,大兴水利土木。他还统一了全国的度量衡与文字。强大的秦朝名播海外,外国以"秦"(支那)来称呼中国。他是中国第一位声誉震全球的政治家,也是第二位最有名的君主。

在中国古代君王中,最负国际声誉的当推汉武帝。在西方人看来,他是古代中国巅峰状态的万世一君,是中国最有作为的帝王。他敬奉儒学为官方学说,强化了中央集权体制。他扩疆开土,征服长江以南大片土地与朝鲜一部分,并打开了在中西交流上具有深远意义的"丝绸之路"。他使中华帝国达到了同期罗马帝国的强盛程度。一些西方学者认为,他堪称中国的凯撒、亚历山大或屋大维。

——汉武帝

在中国古代君王中,最负国际声誉的当推汉武帝。在西方人看来,他是古代中国巅峰状态的万世一君,是中国最有作为的帝王。他敬奉儒学为官方学说,强化了中央集权体制。他扩疆开土,征服长江以南大片土地与朝鲜一部分,并打开了在中西交流上具有深远意义的"丝绸之路"。他使中华帝国达到了同期罗马帝国的强盛程度。一些西方学者认为,他堪称中国的凯撒、亚历山大或屋大维。

—— 岳飞(1103--1142),字鹏举。1103年2月15日,南宋杰出的军事将领岳飞诞生。相州汤阴(今属河南)人。贫苦农民出身。联金灭辽时应募从军,曾在张所部任统制,并与王彦一起抗金。旋随宗泽守东京,任都统。宗泽死后,南下投张浚部,逐渐成为南宋重要抗金将领。

南宋高宗建炎四年(1130年)收复建康(今江苏南京),高宗绍兴三年(1133年),获高宗赐与“精忠岳飞”锦旗。绍兴四年(1134年),大破刘豫齐军,收复襄阳等六郡,封清远军节度使。绍兴五年(1135年)率部镇压杨么起义。后驻军鄂州(今湖北武昌),晋封为武昌开国侯,联络两河义军,部署北伐。绍兴八年(1138年)底,上表提出:“金人不可信,和好不可恃”。反对高宗、秦桧的议和。绍兴十年(1140年)郾城(今河南境)一战,大败兀术统率的金兵主力。收复颖昌、郑州、洛阳等重镇。

但由于高宗、秦桧执意求和,于同年秋被迫退兵,回临安(今浙江,南宋首都)后即被解除兵权,接着被诬入狱。绍兴十一年十二月二十九日(1142年1月27日),与子岳云、部将张宪被秦桧以“莫须有(意:也许有吧)”的罪名杀害,年仅39岁。孝宗即位后,追谥“武穆”,宁宗时追封为“鄂王”。

岳飞著有《岳武穆遗文》,所作《满江红》诗,为世所传颂。

世界上的英雄有很多很多,但作为中国人,我们应该首推中国英雄

中国著名10大历史人物事迹

我推荐几个,孔子创立儒家。秦始皇统一六国。汉武帝独尊儒术,驱逐匈奴,开疆拓土。李世民再次将中国变成一个统一稳定的国家,为中国走向巅峰打下基础。武则天一位女皇帝,思想之开放。李隆基开元盛世不可不提。忽必烈吞并宋朝,汉人天下第一次终结。朱元璋复我汉人天下建立一个可比汉唐的大王朝。孙中山建立民国。

自己想了几个。

中国著名历史人物的简介

我给您介绍一下秦始皇嬴政吧;

秦始皇(公元前259 --- 公元前210年),姓嬴,名政。因生于赵都邯郸,故又称赵政。13岁即王位,39岁称皇帝,在位 37 年。中国历史上最伟大的政治家、改革家、战略家、军事统帅。首位完成中国统一的秦朝的开国皇帝,秦庄襄王之子。秦始皇建立皇帝制度,中央实施三公九卿,地方废除分封制,代以郡县制,统一文字和度量衡,北击匈奴,南征百越,修筑万里长城。把中国推向了大一统时代,为建立专制主义中央集权制度开创了新局面,对中国和世界历史产生了深远影响,奠定了中国 2 千余年政治制度的基本格局。被明代思想家李贽誉为“千古一帝”。公元前230年 至 公元前221年统一六国。

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